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press editor aida donald discusses her latest book, "citizen soldier, a life of harry s. truman." aida donald, why did you write a book about harry truman? >> i wanted to do another biography, having written about teddy roosevelt six years ago and had great fun writing about him. i looked around for another president that i might enjoy working on for a few years, and i came upon truman, who i remember, i am old enough to remember him. truman had two big puzzles in his life. i said, you really have to write about some of those puzzles. it gives you something to work on, to work through. maybe other biographers, other readers do not know about the puzzles or even see them as puzzles, but you do, and that is how i chose truman and worked very hard on the puzzles which turned out to be very important for his career. it kept me very interested in it this man from the midwest. this man with a high school education who accidentally became president in momentous times in our lives. >> what are the puzzles? >> they were -- the first was, this was a man who got into politics having failed in man
a controversial story. i wanted to know more about it. it was a puzzle for me. that is why i chose truman. >> i am going to come back to mr. truman, but it is interesting that this is the first time you have ever been on television. >> i think most people have not been on television, a country of 320 million people, this is my first time. i know, being with you, i will enjoy it. >> the audience needs to know up front that you were married to a man that was on television a lot. >> yes, he was. my wonderful husband, who died three years ago, who wrote, i think, marvelous books and was a great teacher. he was the one on television. i was never on television. >> david herbert donald. a man with three first names. >> except herbert is a family name. his mother was a herbert. his mother loved her side of the family and he wanted to memorialize that side of the family. when he was given the name herbert it was never a first name. it was a family name. he never used it until very late. the story is very simple. when our son was born we set up a trust for his education and things like that. he had to use h
in there and wallace become vice president, instead of truman, there would have been no atomic bombing and possibly no cold war. had there been no cold war, the whole history would have been so fundamentally different. but history can be different. it was the people who were pushing wallace against the bosses. tavis: issue #2, you all changed --the story line or tryo get more truth out of the storyline, who was promulgating the cold war. all the movies tillich one way, mr. stone. you tell it another way -- all the movies tell it one way, mr. stone. you tell it another way. >> yes, the british play a huge role. churchville it is a confirmed anti-soviet. he very much influence as chairman. we detail it month by month, day by day. it is a sham because it is a huge difference in the world. wallace is a progressive american. it is like jimmy stewart in "mr. smith goes to washington. it is also a fun movie to watch, it closed. >> truman becomes president. he was weighing in over his head. -- he was way in over his head in kansas city. boss prendergast was asked why they chose trimming to run for the sena
was in the bathroom shaving. i said, "dad, dad, who won?" and he said, "truman!" like it was the end of the world. well, 30-some years later, i was back home. and he was telling me all about how the world's going to hell and the country's going to hell. i'd heard this so much in my life. and then he paused and he said, "too bad old harry isn't still in the white house." ( laughter ) and that's what we want-- somebody who will address the problems and do things that aren't popular. >> safer: david mccullough's books have all come from a machine invented about the time abe lincoln was president. some of you may recognize it as a typewriter. >> mccullough: i bought it when i was embarking on my first book in the mid... early 1960s. >> safer: he calls this world headquarters, an 8' x 12' sanctuary in his backyard on martha's vineyard in massachusetts. why do you use this, as opposed to a computer? >> mccullough: i can't press the wrong button and eliminate a month's work. >> safer: from his trusty royal have come books about the johnstown flood, the brooklyn bridge, the panama canal, and the revoluti
because of the war that seemed on winnable or for lack of preparedness. jefferson, truman, johnson and bush were the four. also failed because of economic crisis or the failure to act to detour such a crisis and these were jefferson, cleveland, coolidge, franklin roosevelt with a 37 downturn and george bush to eight failed due to their inability to leave with jefferson, wilson, truman, johnson, nixon and bush. they failed to to franklin roosevelt and richard nixon. four of them did not effectively communicate this agenda or initiative were jefferson, monroe, grant and cleveland. obviously the dominant source of failure for the second term prudent has been their inability to successfully work with congress, the second term presidents have faced troubled or second terms do directly to the fight between the congress and the white house. having a congressional majority of their own party is no assurance of release. those presidents that serve in the congress having the majority of the opposing party during the second term included willson, eisenhower, nixon, ronald reagan and clinton.
like truman let's forget about thompson for a minute, from truman, eisenhower and kennedy all three presidents were on record as was a majority of the congress saying that the united states, the head of the free world and what was still a very strong climate of course the bay of pigs happened just a couple years before that in 1962. but the united states had the responsibility to protect the independence of nations from communist aggression and this was south vietnam. kennedy had raised troop levels. i won't go into all the things truman and eisenhower did but right along we are very heavily involved in protecting south vietnam and johnson believed that these prior commitments committed him. he also was a strong warrior and he used, and often on how the young people who were protesting simply didn't understand communism because they had never grown up and had to fight world war ii. they didn't know what appeasement was and chamberlain and so forth given to the nazis. the united states must keep its commitment. it was johnson's great misfortune to be president when you had to cut bas
. a lot of people credit truman for starting this tradition, but it is called the national thanksgiving turkey presentation. truman did not parton a -- pardon a turkey. he ate the turkey. it looks like eisenhower ate both. >> lbj. lbjate his turkey. >> they thought that's what you are supposed to do. originally and i think still they involve the towel tree and egg board. it is all a promotion for enjoying thanksgiving. >> the question is what do you think sarah palin would have done with that turkey. >> she would have mailed it airily. >> mailing the air -- the areola? >> when we talk about gun culture people and nailing things -- she shot things from the air. >> i think she would have lost the debate to us. >> jim -- but tom you are right. >> i would have thought that this was something stupid like the electoral college set up two years ago. >> just in the research i have done here. it looks like it happened by accident. the first reference to pardoning a turkey comes from a gong by ronald reagan. this were asking if he would pardon oliver north. he said i think i pardoned a turkey. th
. four failed because of a war that seemed unwinnable war for lack of preparedness. jefferson, truman, johnson and. were the four. also four failed because of economic crisis or failure to act to deter such a crisis. jefferson, cleveland, coolidge, franklin roosevelt, the 37 downturn and george bush. eight who failed due to their inability to lead congress were jefferson, monroe, grant, wilson, truman, johnson, nixon and george bush. two failed due to who boris. franklin roosevelt and richard nixon. four who did not effectively communicate their agendas or initiatives were jefferson, monroe, grand and cleveland. the dominant force of failure for a second term presidents has been there in the ability to successfully to work with congress. lee eight second term presidents have face trouble their second term due directly to the fight between congress and the white house. having a congressional majority of their own party is no assurance of relief. those presidents who served with the congress having majority of the opposing party during a second term included wilson, eisenhower, nixon, r
medicare. harry truman had the national health insurance which was much broader concept. >> host: tell us the title for a moment. using 1965 as the eve of destruction. i am a conservative for the sake of argument to get to me, 1965 looks like destruction itself. it was media 1964 but everything you talked about this is the world gone to held in a handbasket. there's a few of these you almost assume the share assumption. >> there is. this is 65 is destruction, this is the great society. this is the state run mad in 1965. this is the voting rights act. now we are about to have a federal government in effect seat in the americans' health and get involved in elections until this very day and some people would have said 1965 that really they started voting and it wasn't that big of a deal that soon they were voting in the cities, the rural areas were not that important anymore and they were increasingly less important. and so had this not been done, the arc of change reflects that they would have their voting rights and technically always had so 65 itself is the imposition of the liberal state
truman, which is much broader to cut he said, these at once hopeful times in all the years since christ was born in bethlehem. he added, this is december 64. today as never before been an assist discussion capacity to add work to preserve peace, to eradicate poverty and shared bindings, to overcome diseases afflicted to human race and permit all mankind to enjoy their promise and life on this earth. this -- he believed that was the case and other people, james reston of "the new york times" echoed this in a column at the start of 1965. "time" magazine had a special issue titled on the verge of a golden era. all of these very late 64, early 65. in january 1965, we were not supposedly engaged in combat in vietnam. in 1965 coming you've already had passed in 1964 civil rights act, which was the most single act in 20th century american history. >> host: i think it is the 65 act. then you have the warm poverty in 1864 and it just seemed as if you are a liberal and you are aware of all the problems the next century, here we are finally going to deal. imagine that prosperity is. this is terrib
for years, medicare, harry truman called for national health care. >> host: let's play with the title for a moment. you say 1965 is the eve of destruction. well, i'm a conservative, for the sake of the argument. to me 1965 looks like destruction itself. the eve of destruction was maybe 1964. but everything that you just talked about is -- this is the world going to hell in a hand basket. oh, yeah, there's a theory that so much -- you almost assume kind of a shared sense of something. >> guest: you've got a good point. >> host: to a lot of people, and there it is. this is '65 is destruction, the great society. this is the state run mad in 1965. this is voting rights act. and now we're about to have a federal government in the american south and in -- getting involved in elections until this very day. and of course, some people would have said 1965, really, blacks started voting and it wasn't that big a deal. that soon day were voting in the cities. rural areas were not that important anymore, and increasingly less important. and so had this not been done, the arc of change was such tha
francisco, terry mcsweeney, abc7 news. >> i think truman was president back then. >> reporter: the end of the -- i think you are right, it was truman. i think you are right, thank you. >> no, thank you. >>> we told you that the polling places are open back east in is a polling center in virginia you see the line waiting to cast ballots. virginia is one of the swing state fast decide today's election. president obama and mitt romney have campaigned hard in that state. abc7 news will have live team coverage of today's election. here's our schedule: special early edition of abc7 news atid2rç 3:00, live reports from the obama and romney campaign headquarters. world news will be on at 3:30. followed by live election coverage at 4:00. local results start coming in at 8:00, followed by abc news primetime coverage at 8:30, then complete results on abc7 news at 11. the moment the polls close you can get real-time results on we'll have live updates all night at and through twitter. >>> new york and new jersey authorities promise voters will not be denied thei
marathon. >>> on this day in 1948 the democratic president harry s. truman defeated thomas dewey in an upset are the ages. he took office after fdr died and some reporters saw him as a shadow of his fourth term predecessor. thomas dewey appeared to be a lock, but in the homestretch president truman's whistle stop campaign proved the difference. when they counted all the votes, the chicago tribune proclaimed dewey defeats truman, but in fact truman defeats dewey, 64 years ago today. and now you know the news. thank to the men and women who somehow get to work here every day. we don't talk about it because we around the news. but of this staff more than two-thirds were directly affected by the storm. some had water in their homes, some families road it out in the attic a top a door and some endured brutal three or four hour commutes and some left the kids behind and haven't seen them since. but they have all been here and i appreciate them very much. it is a rehearsal
libraries. but by chance i started back words of the truman library. i was at the truman library giving a speech about my last book and i had the morning there and i went down to the reading room and asked what do they have on herbert hoover and was because it was harry truman who brought him back into the government in 1945 and gave him a number of assignments and became a terribly close friend of his. one thing i discovered by the way is that in addition to the hoover respondents there were boxes and boxes of letters from people saying what are you doing bringing hubert de bet -- herbert hoover back, she began to have an impact on me and the understanding in the public perception of hoover who won by a landslide in 1928 and 1932 but it also indicates how long resentment can linder and how that can affect the american political prisons. it's true harry truman brought to herbert hoover back in but when he went to campaign he campaigned as much against hoover as he did against thomas dewey and made a lot of references to the depression. hoover was somewhat hurt by that and he said that w
a fan the? >> neither truman norah eisenhower they're both army veterans. but president that the mood -- marines have the propaganda machine. but then to get their special protection it was fun. >>host: relay marine? >> i joined 1995 out of college i served on active duty five years and then the reserves. >> where have you served? >> afghanistan. and also camper issue in. >>host: what are some of the tensions the marines have because there is a dependent relationship? >> there are not major tensions now but you can hide in the past without too much work for the president. of the modern court today is the. >> line has been spent two negative time we pay for the equipment that you use. and you should read the help o -- helpful we're here. after rover to the story changed if you lose the navy. >> the relationship in the global but the power is radically different now than screw my then they created office with four people now they have been elaborate and successful brand. by all accounts and more
harry truman to barack obama with the exception of lyndon johnson, who tried, but failed to meet her. i remember being impressed when an official told me at the memorial service at st. paul's cathedral, after the 9/11 attacks, the queen sang every single word of the american national anthem. and i would bet that there aren't any presidents who can sing all of the words to god save the queen. since we are here today, on the national mall, i thought i would focus on the queen's fondness works for this country, those little known and well known, and in so doing, illuminate the queen to help understand her better. it was most often played out in state visits here when it was written. one was the first came to washington in 1951, she was a 25-year-old princess, only months away from becoming queen. harry truman was completely smitten, announcing that when everyone becomes acquainted with you, they immediately followed that with you. like those who followed him, truman was surprised that elizabeth was so much more approachable than she seemed in her public image. dwight eisenhower had known p
later, on october 28, 1962, the president calls president truman to report on the end of the crisis. how did it end? >> the crisis? >> yeah. as far as from what you've listened to, what was precisely the end of all this? >> well, khrushchev announced that he agreed with the terms of the american demands that the off yents dismantle the missiles -- the soviets dismantle the missile sites and pull their troops out of cuba sent valley. the terms were left quite loose. >> you put a letter, it's in russian, in your book and also it's translated into english from mr. khrushchev to the president. what was that? >> well, there are many fascinating letters between the two of them. and that leads to the story of how the crisis ended. khrushchev in one day wrote two letters, or two letters arrived from him. the first, an extraordinary personal letter expressing anguish over how far this crisis has gone and how nearly out of control it has become, and imploring the president in highly emotional language to stop the crisis, to pull back. and then about half a day later a very official bureaucratic le
, a democratic from minnesota, will continue our discussion on the fiscal cliff. we'll be right back. >> truman was vice president for literally 82 days. and being truman, he actually presided over the senate. these days the vice president doesn't bother with that unless his vote is needed to break a tie. he said that's my job. truman never learned anything from f.d.r. or from his staff, it was a transition with zero knowledge. that doesn't happen any more. got a phone call from the white house, get to the phone right away, so he picked up the phone and at the other end they said get to the white house as soon as you can. so he grabbed his hat and dashed out. and he had a car, of course, they gave him a shaufer when he -- they gave him a shawer if when he became vice president. he was taken up stairs, was met by eleanor roosevelt and he looked up, and she said harry the president is dead. and he was in total shock. and he said, what can i do for you? and she said, harry, what can we do for you? you're in trouble now. >> from his early life through his presidency, a look at the life of harry tru
truman announced a national health insurance program that would have made it part of the social security act. the physicians of the american medical association attacked the plan and socialized medicine that might also sound familiar. and in the early cold war, the ama won that battle and truman's proposal was defeated. other presidents ?kding nixon and bill clinton tried to pass universal health care programs. but they failed due to entrenched and vigorous opposition not just the medical profession but also opposition from business and increasingly power insurance industry. health care reform in the u.s. was pronounced impossible. but then the impossible happened. and today we have the 2010 affordable care act or obamacare, which everybody is calling it now. so the passage of the affordable care act mean we have a right to health care in the united states? the answer is not really. there are some important victories for rights in the law, the biggest one is the ban on insurance companies being able to exclude people from coverage because they have preexisting health conditions. the affo
because you make the decision doesn't mean anything happens. when ike took over from truman, truman said "poor ike, he'll think it's just like the army. do this and do that. only this time nothing's going to happen when he says it." and that's something you even see now, 60 or 70 years later, that it's harder to make change than they think. >> it's ambition, isn't it. there's all this ambition in the campaign. and then you get to reality once you get in the white house, dan. >> well, the interesting thing. and a campaign is all about drawing contrasts and suggesting you are going to do big and difficult things that your opponent has not been able to do or wouldn't do, and you get into office and you find, as michael was saying, you are hemmed in by all kinds of institutional strictures. working with the congress is much more difficult than anybody anticipated. both the last two presidents, president obama, and president george w. bush talked about how they would change washington and neither was successful in doing that. there's that element. and again, as mike said, things come at you,
and japanese sources validates president harry truman's decision to drop both bombs. japanese leaders did not display the slightest acknowledgment of the military realities, illustrated by the report of dr. machine off, japan's top atomic scientist who was sent to hiroshima the following day and had to report back to the emperor and he was asked was this an atomic bomb? then came the line, how long until we can make one? that is hardly the response of somebody looking for a way to surrender. truman intended to show japan that he would use any weapons at our disposal. there was no atomic diplomacy. he wanted to show the japanese that it was surrender or die. which surrender came to temporary victory in the principles of american exceptionalism worldwide. unlike all the previous empires, the u.s. was unwilling to dominate the free world the way previous big yours had. that post-war world, active america that ensured resources insured resources unreservedly, restrained itself economically and rebuild the rebuilt former friends and enemies enthusiastically. this in turn would produce heretofo
day at truman high school in the bronx. the cooking class is busy in the kitchen. the choir is rehearsing, the astronomy class is learning about stars. but it wasn't always like this. real estate developer charles bendit met truman high principal sana nasser a decade ago through a non-profit called pencil, it connects business people wanting to volunteer with schools in their communities. >> i was a small businessman that was just getting started, i was just beginning to realize that i might be successful. i didn't have what to give in terms of big dollars, so what i did do is i thought about how i could be most impactful. >> reporter: bendit serves as a mentor to principal nasser. together they developed the idea of specialized academies within the high school. bendit's biggest contribution, sharing his decades of business experience. >> it all started with learning how to be the c.e.o. of a company. and, how am i going to make sure my company, my school, is a successful school and is a competitive school and can attract the best of the best. a new study from bank of americ
are confused about which president was the first to pardon a turkey. some say truman or lincoln but it was neither of them. do min cojoins us from washington. first, they're campaigns. cobbler was able to oust the butterball brothers and the superpac to win over gobbler. but -- i give -- >> i don't know. >> i can't believe we're doing a segment on this but fill us in on the first president to truly spare the turkey. >> well, that is jfk in 1963. we actually -- i took a look back in 2009 and have kind of reposted this every year since then. and because there was some confusion as to who was the first president to pardon a turkey. >> right. >> it had been said bill clinton said in the pardoning ceremony that it was harry truman who pardoned the first turkey but what actually happened, the truman library told us that, in fact, he probably ate that turkey. he never met a turkey he didn't want to eat and not a pardoning ceremony as the white house's statement put out today. the 65th anniversary of the turkey presentation so it was not the first to pardon a turkey. also a little bit o
, it was going onthe red-baiting really started with theeven before, i suppose, the election of truman in the late '40s. first what woody watches, to his astonishment, is the purging of the union movement. i mean, the communist movement, the communist party and affiliated organizations had worked to build the americanmany of the american unions and the cio and what have you. and then they join in the purge, right after the war, of much of the left wing and much of the militancy of the labor movement. so that's the first thing that woody watches to his utter disillusionment. he calls himselfhe says, you know, "my radical soul is so lonesome at this point." he feels increasingly marginalized politically. and then, of course, with the cold war and the truman doctrine about containing communism in greece, woody writes songs against truman, writes songs expressing his astonishment that britain and the united states could support the greek monarchy against the workers rising there, and just sees not only the labor movement and the union movement becoming increasinglythe fangs brought out of
dedication. >> absolutely amazing. absolutely amazing. my goodness. she remembers the election of truman? my goodness! that's way before i was even born. >> reporter: elisa has been doing this since 1949. her first election was in 1952. eisenhower versus stevenson. >> the busiest one. >> jfk. >> reporter: she says back in 2008, about 160 people came through her garage to vote. this year's numbers have already surpassed that although -- >> most of them are voting absentee, voting by mail. >> reporter: including elisa herself. a far cry from when she first started voting behind big curtains and levered voting machines. >> if you made a mistake, all you had to do was pull up the lever and re-vote. here it's a lot of difference. >> reporter: looking ahead to the presidential election of 2016, elisa says she does want to be part of that. she will be 10 0 years old. in san francisco, elissa harrington, cbs 5. >> god bless her. if they always voted in her garage -- have they always voted in her garage, elissa? >> reporter: she filled out one of the mail-in votes because she knew she was going to b
in -- 96-year-old alicia kennedy. she has been doing this since 1949, truman was president, gas was a quarter a gallon. how many times alicia kennedy has asked for a voter's signature at a polling place? no one knows. she did it for 30 years in the mission district and another 30 years near irving. today she is seeing a huge turnout. >> really busy. busiest i've ever seen. >> reporter: since you started doing this? >> yes. >> reporter: voters may not know they are in the presence of the city's most seasoned poll worker. >> it came down to 30 vs. 38 which is a big thing. >> 30 because i'm a college student. preventing more tuition hikes. >> reporter: others see vote for president to be the most critical. >> i don't want to see obama out. i think the options are dismal. >> reporter: alicia has been recognized by the state for her dedication to election day she proudly displays name tags, starting in 1949. >> it was a job at that time. i started as and spector, i started with did the 13 a day. >> reporter: until today the most excited was 1960 when kennedy energized voters. >> for
author of "citizen soldier, a life of harry s. truman." delighted to have you with us. >> thank you for inviting me. it has been a delight. >> tonight, of british prime minister david cameron attends the banquet, followed by marco rubio in iowa, and later eric holder talk about the recent the peace settlement. -- the recent bp settlement. we will discuss economic challenges of the country prepares for transition. we will hear from the u.s. ambassador to china. our live coverage begins tomorrow on c-span 2. we will look at immigration policy at the american enterprise institute. speakers include utah's's attorney general. then the ceo of the nasdaq stock exchange talks about the so- called sysco close and its effect on capital markets. that is at 1:00 p.m. eastern. tomorrow night, the former abc anchor ted koppel, talks about the future of news. now british prime minister david cameron speaks at the they quit in london about economic and foreign policy. this will be -- speaks at the banquet about economic and foreign policy. this is about 40 minutes. >> the queen. ["god save the quee
. >> aida donald author of "citizen soldier, a life of harry s. truman." delighted to have you with us. >> thank you for inviting me. it has been a delight. [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2012] >> tomorrow on "washington journal", david walker talks about his ideas for averting the fiscal cliff, followed by a look at u.s. oil production and a new report that the international energy agency about the country's energy production by 2020. later, we will talk about how the federal bureau of investigation and the cyber- based crimes. clark sought foreign policy scholars will discuss the relationship of the u.s. with china. we will hear from the u.s. ambassador to china. our live coverage begins tomorrow at 9:15 on c-span2. >> the mindset of the world, was into the mid 1990's that wire line access would -- with stuff on poles or in the ground was the key to understanding telecommunications. the intriguing part of the wireless story is how very few people inside the industry - back- that is why the report came out the
the one they have now. ( cheers and applause ) but you know-- delicious. like when truman burbank first suspected the world he'd been living in was not what it seemed, discovery would take a voyage. >> karl rove said that we should figure out what the deal is with this decision desk. the decision desk is in a different place. megyn, i will escort you down the steps here. megyn is going to go to the decision desk and interview them about the decision on ohio. >> jon: this was 10 tha that-- then that megyn kelly, in pursuit of something called facts, left the holodeck and entered the world of dunder mifflin. >> what we're saying is the amount of raw vote that's in these counties that's out there still waiting to come in is so large, no matter what the hand full of republican precincts that are still out there, it's just not going to make it. >> 100% certainty. >> 99.95%. >> jon: so you're saying there's a chance. ( laughter ) ( applause ) last night, tragically, there was an avalanche on bull ( bleep ) mountain, ladies and gentlemen, with the blame for it if to their own willful blindne
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 193 (some duplicates have been removed)